Abdominoplasty treats excess fat in the abdominal area, sagging abdominal skin, and stretch marks.
Excessive and rapid weight gain and loss, weight gain during pregnancy, and genetic heritage are the main reasons of excessive fat in abdominal area.
When the sagging skin is to be treated, the skin is separated from the abdomen by means of an incision that passes through the groin and sub-abdominal area. Then the excess fat is removed and the abdominal muscles are tightened. Then the abdomen wall is pulled down to complete the tightening effect. This process might change the location of the belly button which might also be re-located after the operation. The scale of the operation is smaller when the fat is accumulated on the lower area of the abdomen and it is called mini-abdominoplasty which requires a smaller incision.
The patient is usually put under either spinal anaesthesia or local anaesthesia. Sometimes, the abdominal operation can be accompanied by another type of plastic surgery such as nose surgery or breast reduction etc. Then the type of anaesthesia is determined accordingly.
The operation takes about 2 hours. The patient can be discharged from the hospital on the very same day. If the operation is accompanied by another surgery the patient is kept under observation. The doctor dresses the wounds for a few times. The operation requires the use of absorbable sutures, so there is no need to remove the sutures. The patients are recommended to stay on bed rest for three or four days following the operation and to avoid extreme physical activities. Patients should use a special corset for the following six weeks. The scars disappear in three to six months.