Who gets skin cancer and why?

Skin cancer is the most common cancer type in the world. More than 500.000 cases are observed in the USA every year. The skin cancer can be seen at any part of the body, but mostly it is on the face, head, and neck.
The main reason is the skin exposure to the ultraviolet rays from the sun. It is also triggered by solarium. Everyone might have skin cancer no matter what your gender, age, skin type, or genetic heritage is. However, if you have the factors listed below, the risk increases:

  • If your skin colour is light and you have freckles,
  • If you have light eye colour and light hair colour,
  • If you have skin cancer history in your family,
  • If you are spending too much time in open air under the sun,
  • If you are living in a sunny country and you are at a high altitude,
  • If you have had radiation for acne treatment.

Skin Cancer Types:

The most common skin cancer type is called “basal cell carcinoma.” It is considered the least dangerous among other skin cancer types. Its course of development is rather slow and the incident of metastases is rare. However, it sometimes causes serious local damage around the eyes.
Squamous cell cancer” is the second frequent cancer type. It is usually formed on the lips, face and ears. It can spread tothe gland nodes and visceral organs. Unlesstreated, it is likely to threaten life.
Malign melanoma” is the most dangerous skin cancer type. It can be treated when it is diagnosed at early stages. Otherwise it spreads fast and it is fatal. If there are wounds on your face, hands or any part of your body that do not heal in one month, you must consult your physician.  The physician takes a little sample from the wound and sends it to the pathological investigation.

Method of Operation:

Usually the primary preference of treatment is surgery – the removal of the cancerous tissue. The complexity of the surgery depends on the size of the cancerous tissue. If it is too large to remove and if cancer has spread to other organs, radio therapy and chemotherapy methods are used.

Reconstructive Techniques:

The surgical treatment of cancer varies from simple excision to reconstructive techniques. Nose, lips and eye are the areas to which these techniques can be applied.