Gynecomastia is the presence of breast tissue in males as in the females. It may occur as a result of drugs, metabolic disorders, or hormonal disorder.
There are three types of Gynecomastia:
The presence of real breast tissue causes abnormal growth of the breast in the glandular type; whereas the fatty type of gynecomastia is caused by the presence of fat tissues. During the surgery, the mass that causes the breast growth is removed. The glandular type requires the application of both liposuction and excision, while the fatty type requires only liposuction.
In case of sagging, the excess skin is also removed. Gynecomastia can be observed in adolescent boys as well as the adult males. However, most pubertal gynecomastia cases resolve within a few years without treatment. Some cases of gynecomastia might indicate cancer and must be handled very carefully. Other factors that cause gynecomastia include hepatitis, cirrhosis, lung diseases, use of drugs and steroids, testicular diseases, and abnormal weight gain.
The breast is removed by a semi-circle incision around the nipple. In cases of lipomas the mass is absorbed.
Patients are put under general or local anaesthesia before the operation.
Doctor applies wound dressings for a few days. The patient can be discharged from the hospital on the same day. The patient is suggested to wear a compression vest for a month.